Friday, September 30, 2011

"Merchant of Venice" Meets "My Man Godfrey" at ISU's Westhoff Theatre

I am not among those put off by setting Shakespeare in other times and places than, say, Elizabethan England. So if you want to put your "Tempest" on the moon in 2525, or your "Much Ado" in the Wild Wild West in 1885, I'm down with that. As long as you make it work.

When Joshua Sobol directed "The Merchant of Venice" at the Illinois Shakespeare Festival nine years ago, he set the play in Mussolini's Italy, with the Duke becoming Il Duce, Shylock plotting desperately to keep his daughter safe, and Portia and Antonio both passing as genders they were not in order to get by in dangerous Fascist times. Sobol didn't change a word of the text, yet he made this difficult play seem totally and completely new. He also made it work.

ISU's Jeremy Garrett chooses a setting not too far from Sobol's with his "Merchant of Venice," which seems to be teetering in the false prosperity of the late 1920s, just before the New York Stock Market Crash in 1929 plunged the world into the Great Depression. Portia is fashionable and lovely in an emerald green slipper satin gown, Antonio (the merchant) is dapper in a bowler hat, and servants twirl in and out to the tune of "Puttin' on the Ritz."

Program notes from the dramaturg (Andrew Rogalny, Jr, who also plays Antonio) tell us that this "Merchant" intends to show the gap between the moneyed classes and the have-nots, with the former dithering around when they should've paid attention to the poverty and misery rising on every side. Rogalny writes, "Their extreme goals turn them into a group of people who are so selfish and blind that they don't even notice that their world is decaying and falling apart all around them." If you are like me, you are thinking that that description sounds a lot more like "My Man Godfrey" than "The Merchant of Venice," especially given the slipper satin and blithe insouciance.

Still, it's an interesting idea, and it does fit the general notion of commerce behind Antonio, the merchant in "Merchant," who borrows cash from Shylock, the Jewish money-lender, and then can't pay it back, which means he is supposed to forfeit "a pound of flesh." It also seems right when we see pretty Portia treating her suitors shabbily or Bassanio recklessly using his friend's money to woo the girl or Antonio's pals casually throwing off insults and epithets. They're wealthy, white and Christian, so the world can't touch them, right? But then... As time wears on, the petty rich people acting all petty begins to overwhelm the real story, and in general, we lose focus on Shylock except for his big "Hath not a Jew eyes?" speech. By the time we get to the pivotal trial (wherein Shylock asks for the pound of flesh he's owed), there's no reason that this Portia would show up dressed as a boy and wow the court.

It also means that 90% of the play -- when the merchant and his pals are fooling around and Bassanio is wooing Portia -- is simply there to show that these people are vapid and silly before the real world intrudes at the very end. But we don't want to spend 90% of our time joking around with the Mean Kids. Or at least I don't. And the coup de theatre ending, when the veil is drawn back and we see reality, is more jarring than dramatically satisfying.

That kind of socko ending has been fashionable for awhile, getting tacked onto plays like "Les Liaisons Dangereuses," with a guillotine at the end to underline the precarious position of the aristos, or "An Inspector Calls" and "Indiscretions," where the entire set falls down, or even newer versions of "Cabaret," which include naked, shivering prisoners lining up for the showers at a death camp as the final image. But those stage pictures fit those plays. I'm not convinced that the picture of huddled masses yearning to breathe free adds anything to "The Merchant of Venice." And I'm certainly not behind adding news-announcer voice-overs or add-libbed chit chat to shoehorn Shakespeare into 1929*.

In the end, Garrett deserves credit for going all out with his idea and staying consistent to his vision, even if he can't quite pull it off. It makes for vivid performances, with Rogalny as a precise, suppressed Antonio, clearly harboring a crush on his BFF Bassanio, Alex Kostner's Bassanio all boyish charm and dimples and Claire Ford looking absolutely fabulous in Portia's emerald green gown and Charlie Chaplin-ish when she heads to court dressed as a man. As Shylock, Owais Ahmed makes the most of his big speech and draws our sympathy in court.

By William Shakespeare

Illinois State University School of Theatre
Westhoff Theatre

Director: Jeremy Garrett
Scenic Designer: John C. Stark
Costume Designer: Carol Zhou
Lighting Designer: Michelle Benda
Sound Designer: Allen Erjavic
Text Coach: Henry Woronicz
Dramaturgs: Lijing Pei and Andrew Rogalny, Jr.
Stage Manager: Hanna Supanic-Winter

Cast includes: Andrew Rogalny, Jr., Anthony Ballweg, Brody Murray, Carlos Kmet, Alex Kostner, Devon Nimerfroh, Brad Berry, Derek Finney, Jared Kugler, Andy Hudson, Claire Ford, Amanda Rogowski, Owais Ahmed, Matty Robinson, Molly Briggs, Gaby Labotka, Kris Turner, Kyle McClevey, Sara Shifflet and Omar Shamma.

Running time: 2:30, with one 15-minute intermission

Remaining performances: September 30, October 1 and October 4-8 at 7:30 pm and October 8 at 2 pm.

Box office information.

*I was reminded of the legend about the 1929 film version of "The Taming of the Shrew" that supposedly had a credit at the end that said: "By William Shakespeare, with additional dialogue by Samuel Taylor."


  1. " if you want to put your "Tempest" on the moon in 2525, or your "Much Ado" in the Wild Wild West in 1885 "

    Does it prove I'm a Shakespeare geek if I recognize both of these? Tempest in a SF future (if not exactly on the moon) is "Forbidden Planet," the 1950s film with Leslie Nielsen as Ferdinand and a robot as Ariel. And the Wild West Much Ado (actually, that premise has probably been done a lot, as the isolated hacienda with border skirmishes does fit rather well) was done at Stratford Connecticut in the same decade, starring Alfred Drake and Katharine Hepburn.

    Some Shakespeare re-positionings really do work well. And some are problematic. The Merchant in a setting closer to our time always feels itchy to me, because the attitudes of the characters don't translate well out of their era. That's the basic problem of the play for me in any case: not Shylock himself (there's no reason all Jewish characters has to be lovable or pleasant), but that the other characters -- the "good guys" -- are *so* virulently and unabashedly anti-Semitic. And they get no comeuppance, they're the lovers in a romantic comedy and everything ends happily for them. Which is why directors now often try to tack on a (necessarily wordless) epilogue -- Jessica's miserable, or Portia is a bitch, or Bassanio's a jerk, or Antonio's disgusted with them all. It sounds like this production does something of the sort. But even if I share the need for something more to happen to the characters, this isn't the answer. It's never integral, and the author wrote no lines for it.

  2. I don't recall what sort of ending was used for that Joshua Sobol "Merchant" I liked so much. But since he solved the Jessica problem by having her leaving Shylock being *his* plan (to keep her safe from Mussolini's blackshirts and the dangers of growing Fascism and antisemitism), the chipper party (including Jessica) definitely felt different. And when I say it was his plan, there was no dialogue added to tell us that -- we just saw them with their heads together and him giving her money and jewels and sending her away. But all silently. And very effectively.

    In this case, although it changed the play, it also solved a major problem, because it seemed as if it were Shylock's only way to see that his daughter survived instead of just another way that the Venicians spit on Shylock. As I said, it changed the play. But that was fine.

    I'm also getting kind of tired of this coup de theatre/boom/smack us in the head stuff to revive or remake older plays or works. Not everything needs a socko new ending. Although I did kind of like it at the time when the walls fell down in "Indiscretions."

  3. Wasn't that done with the Moliere play that you and I saw at the Guthrie all those years ago? When there were no more lines, there was a sudden change of light and music, and the aristocratic French lady suddenly looked frightened, and bowed, as if (I surmised) she was facing judgment after the Revolution. And blackout. I didn't mind it that much then (though I didn't feel it added much either), but since then I've seen the same trick pulled out way too often.

    We almost always see Hamlet staged in a later period, don't we? The Branagh film was Victorian, the Richard Chamberlain TV production was early Victorian. Alec Guinness did it at the Old Vic in the 1930s in a "modern dress" production that looks absolutely beautiful; in fact with the men's uniforms and the women's court gowns it was rather timeless in its look. I wish I could have seen that one.

  4. They did a lovely Edwardian Hamlet at the Illinois Shakespeare Festival a while ago. Very Brideshead Revisited, which suits "Hamlet." That was played in repertory with "Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead," with the same actors in the roles in the other play, although not the Edwardian costumes. I think that was mixed modern dress. Or maybe vice versa. Maybe R&G was Edwardian and Hamlet was modern dress. Yeah, I think that's right.

    I also liked one at the Guthrie (Zeljko Ivanek played Hamlet and Julianne Moore was Ophelia) where they mixed periods. So Hamlet was modern dress, with black jeans and a black jacket, while Gertrude and the court looked more like the famous Guthrie production with Jessica Tandy and Hume Cronyn (kinda 50s court dress with sashes and medals on the men), and Ophelia was kinda hippyish.

    I wish I'd seen Alec Guiness on stage in anything.